In 1904, Streeter, retired, and the diamond passed to his successors, the Parisian jeweler La Cloche Freres, which acquired the shop and some of the items sold there. Most of the relatively cheap jewelry was bought by Debenham & Freebody. The remaining products, including the most valuable, were sent for sale in the auction house Christie in London. Bidding took place February 22, 1905. “Agra”, apparently became a key lot, was sold last. The booklets then Stone described as “magnificent pink diamond of the highest quality, weighing 31 and 12/32 carat” No name for the stone was fixed, but it is obvious that the last slot at these auctions was just brilliant “Agra”. British newspaper The Times wrote at the time that the auction attracted public opinion and was attended by even a few collectors from India. Starting price of the stone, is 1000 guineas, the bidding process has been raised to 5,100 guineas. Stone became the new owner of one Mr. Maz Myers, owner of the estate Hatton Garden.
On the third day of the trial evidence was given by Edward Streeter. The defendant told the court the story of a brilliant “Agra” was bought them at Mr. Hirst, noting that it has a deep knowledge in the field of jewelry, on which he wrote the book “The Greatest Diamond World.” Streeter added that at the time of writing, there were an estimated more than 70 diamonds weighing over 30 carats. Especially diamonds were rare pink, blue and green. In this regard, “Agra” was bought them relatively inexpensive – just 15 000 pounds.
On the origin of the diamond Streeter learned from Colonel Bertcha, who once served in the British forces in India. At trial, it was found that the stone to 1665, he was the property of the treasure of the Emperor Aurangzeb, and was formerly occupied by Emperor Babur, a descendant of Tamerlane, the master of Western Tartary and founder of the Mughal Empire. The colonel also said Streeter, the diamond was part of the headdress of another Emperor Akbar and later went on to Nadir Shah. At trial, Streeter said he was not aware of such historical facts, such as the fact that Babur died already in 1530, while Aurangzeb was born only in 1618 (Streeter ignorance of these facts is puzzling, since he himself previously wrote about them in his book “Velichashie diamonds world “, which was published in 1882.)
Streeter further explained that by selling him a stone Hertz said his weight was slightly reduced after the diamond was transferred to Europe. This fact, the defendant intended to mark a fresh edition of his book about famous diamonds. Streeter said that before buying “Agra” it is about her not listening. Since the stones with similar color and form earlier in Europe has not met, Streeter not without reason that the “Agra” is truly unique.
The fifth day of the hearing was the final – first to briefly address the judge, and then the jury retired to the jury room. Four hours later a verdict – already sold jewelry awarded to the plaintiff, and those which have not yet been issued the contract were the defendant, Streeter – in them was brilliant “Agra”. A year after the trial, Lord Donegal, Streeter told the story of how a pink diamond supposedly Agra was taken from India. Maybe he read the court reports and set out to clarify the situation, especially in those places where Colonel Bertch contradicts himself.
Mr. Finley said that over this time, Mr. Rogers showed plaintiff many jewelry stores defendant, some of whom later became Tasker. In three weeks, the plaintiff bought a jewelry store at 100 500 pounds sterling. Moreover, Rogers demonstrated Tasker brilliant “Agra”, which he said the prosecution, bought for 15,000 pounds. Plus Rogers also showed Tasker mock diamond “Hope”, stating that Streeter soon to buy it from the Court of Chancery of Great Britain, and put up for sale at a price of 32,000 pounds. The plaintiff agreed to buy a stone for that amount, but in the end, the deal fell through. Hearing this, the court invited two experts to assess value of a diamond, “Agra”. Mr. Jones appreciated gem in 8000 pounds, while Mr. Spink corrected him, saying that a diamond worth at least 10,000 pounds. Proposal of Sir Edward Clarke, that it is not worth to bring to the jury hearing and close immediately, the court rejected, then the defender turned directly to the jury by the speeches.
A little later, diamond weight was reduced to 31.41 carats (32, 24 metric carats) – was done in order to eliminate the black blotches. In the history of the secret theft of stone from India, even harder to believe, having read a note of a U.S. citizen, who noted that possessed brilliant “Agra” for some time. This man said that to reduce the weight in 1899, the stone weighed all 71 carats. Could the horse swallow stone of this size?
What is known for sure is the fact that in 1891 Edward Streeter bought diamond “Agra” Hearts in Abram, known diamond merchant in Paris, which, in particular, and had decided that the black inclusions in stone. In exchange for the diamond Streeter gave Hearts pearl necklace, worth about 14,000 pounds, and paid another about 1000 pounds in cash.
Later stone which according to historians was kept in Agra, in a strange way it was brought from India, and in 1896 sold the famous jeweler Edwin Streeter. Supposed seller was an English nobleman, the Marquis Donegal. According to Donegal, the stone was stolen by him from the ruler Delhi during the riots in India in 1857. At that time, he served in the British Embassy in India and was well acquainted with the young officer, who was entrusted to guard the jewel.
Several British officers at the time decided not to give into the hands of rebel rock the crowd and take him to England, but once the question was, how to do it. Up to the last moment, no one could propose a plan that would guarantee the success of the event.
Agra was founded by Mughal emperor, ruled that the city for hundreds of years was the capital of the vast kingdom until 1658, when Aurangzeb – the second Mughal emperor – moved his residence in New Delhi. It was here that the founder of the dynasty of Akbar was the famous letter from Queen Elizabeth I, later allowed his successor, Dzhagangiru adopt a charter in 1612, which guaranteed the British East India Company freedom of trade in the empire.
The history of the diamond, “Agra” has its origins in 1526, when Babur (1483 – 1530 gg.) – The first Mughal emperor, defeated the Raja Gvalura captured Acre. Babur the real name which Zahir-ud-din Muhammad – son of Omar Sheika Mirza, King of Ferghana (modern Turkmenistan). Taken them a name Babur means “tiger”. He was not only literate and educated ruler, but also a talented commander, allowing him to become the sole ruler of a vast empire. After a series of successful achievements, Babur sent his son and successor, Humayayna capture the city Agra, with which he successfully managed – he killed Raju and captured all the members of his family.
A brilliant inventor and self-taught watchmaker, Antoine-LeCoultre founded his first workshop in 1833, after the invention of a machine to produce watchmaking pinions. Since then, the Manufacture Jaeger-LeCoultre has developed steadily founder’s original workshops.
Surprisingly, there is neither physical, nor an engineer who first measured the micron, it was Antoine LeCoultre, in 1844. He had created watch components that were so perfect no tool could actually detect their degree of inaccuracy. Followed by the invention of more precise instruments in the world: millionometer, which served as a reference point for more than half a century.
In 1847, LeCoultre created a revolutionary system that would eliminate the need for keys to rewind and set watches. His simple and brilliant solution was a pushbutton that activated a lever to change from one function to another. It was the first keyless winding mechanism and the first reliable system that eliminates the need for keys or set to close a clock.
Silver has been known as a precious metal since ancient times, when people in ancient Egypt the metal used in jewelry and ceremonial ornamentation. The Egyptians were trading silver and acquirer as tribute, possibly as early as 5000 BC. The graves have been discovered already in 2900 BC.
The bright color and feasible properties of silver have undoubtedly contributed to the widespread use of metals, and the rarity of that has become second only to gold in value since ancient times (though we now have more value metals heavily on even gold.) silver jewelry with gemstones worked or glass, and was often working in cultures like Greece or Rome to avoid the “evil eye.” Other cultures, like the Egyptians wore jewelry as ornamentation. Prominently included in burials as well as being used for ceremonial purposes.
Antique jewelry silver was worked in several forms, the most common metal hammer in the right way, or melting and pouring of silver to create jewelry. This made jewelry both crude compared to today’s standards. Another jewelery method involved using watermarking techniques.